Alexander the Great Facts
- Alexander the Great was a King of Macedon, an area in Northern Greece.
- He conquered the Persian Empire in 331 B.C.
- He rose to power at the age of 20.
- He died at the age of 33.
- He was tutored by Aristotle, the Greek philosopher.
- In 15 years, he never lost a battle.
Why is Alexander the Great important?
Alexander the Great was the King of Macedon, a state in Northern Greece. He built an enormous empire which reached from the Balkans to the Himalayas in the 4th century B.C. But it’s not just the size and scope of his empire that is significant, it’s the cultural influence, too. Alexander brought Greek culture and civilization to the areas he conquered, leaving a lasting influence of Western culture far beyond Greece.
Alexander the Great Bio
The great conqueror of the Persian Empire and Macedonian king, Alexander the Great, was born on July 20, 356 B.C., in Pella, Macedonia, to parents King Philip II and Queen Olympia. During his formative years, Alexander received his education under the tutelage of a few different scholars, including Leonidas of Epirus and Lysimachus, but in 343 B.C., King Philip II hired Greek philosopher Aristotle, who tutored Alexander until 340 B.C. when he completed his education. Alexander’s greatest inspiration which set him on a path to become one of the greatest warriors began with Homer’s Iliad while studying under the guidance of Aristotle, as well as watching his father build Macedonia into a formidable military power.
At age 16, Alexander received his first taste of military prowess when he defeated threatening Thracian rebels in the absence of King Philip II, who had given him the power to rule Macedonia while his army invaded Thrace. Two years later, he took charge of the Macedonian Companion Cavalry, and was instrumental in aiding Philip to defeat the Athenian and Theban armies at Chaeronea. Alexander rose to power at age 20, after the death of his father in 336 B.C and his deposition of his enemies to become king and leader of the Corinthian League. In 334 B.C., Alexander commanded a Macedonian and Greek army into Anatolia, crossing the Hellespont strait from Europe to Asia. A year later, the heavily fortified city-state of Tyre was captured by Alexander, along with Egypt the following year. Alexander’s defeat of the Persian king Darius III’s main army came in 331 B.C in the Battle of Gaugamela.
In 329 B.C., Alexander marched further east into Bactria (Afghanistan) and India, where he was challenged with a mutiny from his soldiers, who demanded to return home after marching in extreme weather coupled with fatigue. Alexander returned to Persia, but in June of 323 B.C., Alexander was stopped in his tracks with fever that claimed his life before he could move on to his next military target. Alexander the Great died at the age of 33 without choosing his successor, and a bloody Macedonian civil war for power ensued.
Alexander the Great Quotes
I do not steal victory.
There is nothing impossible to him who will try
Sex and sleep alone make me conscious that I am mortal.
A king does not kill messengers.
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