Julius Caesar facts
- Julius Caesar was born in Rome in July 100 BC into the Julian clan.
- He was a politician and general of the Roman republic.
- In 46 B.C., he became the Emperor of the Roman Empire.
- He was romantically involved with the Egyptian Queen, Cleopatra.
- Caesar was appointed governor of Gaul, a position he served for eight years.
- He served as governor of the Roman province of Spain
- Cassius and Brutus assassinated him on the Ides of March 44 BC.
Why is Julius Caesar important?
Julius Caesar is responsible for turning the Roman Republic into the powerful Roman Empire that conquered much of Europe and changed the course of the world. Caesar was a general in the Roman army, but with a loyal army of soldiers behind him, he took Rome for himself after much struggle, and became its first Emperor. Caesar was stabbed by members of the Roman senate on March 15th, a day known as “the Ides of March”.
Julius Caesar Bio
Julius Caesar, the son of Gaius Julius Caesar and Aurelia, was born in Rome in 100 BC into a patrician family. After the death of his father in 85 BC, all responsibilities fell on Caesar who was 16 years old at that time. Caesar was then nominated to the new high priest and got married to Cornelia, the daughter of his Uncle Marius’ biggest ally.
Caesar slowly progressed into Roman politics by becoming in succession quaestor (69), aedile (65) and praetor (62). He served as governor of the Roman province of Spain in 61-60 BC. In 60 BC, he made a pact with Pompey and Crassus, who in turn helped him to get elected as consul for 59 BC. The following year, Caesar was appointed as the governor of Roman Gaul, a position he served for eight years.
During that time he kept Rome safe from the possibility of Gallic invasions. In 55 BC and 54 BC, he made two expeditions to Britain. Afterwards, Caesar returned to Italy ignoring the authority of the senate and crossing the Rubicon River with his army of loyal men.
In the civil war that followed, Caesar defeated the republican forces while Pompey, their leader fled to Egypt only to get assassinated. Caesar followed him and became romantically involved with the Egyptian Queen, Cleopatra. Caesar was now the master of Rome and became a dictator where he used his power to carry out much needed reform, enlarging the senate, relieving debt, building the Forum Iulium and revising the calendar. While the position of dictatorship was regarded as temporary, Caesar took it for life in 44 BC.
Caesar’s success and ambition alienated strongly republican senators and in turn a group of these senators, led by Cassius and Brutus assassinated him on the Ides of March 44 BC.
Julius Caesar Quotes
Cowards die many times before their actual deaths.
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I love the name of honor, more than I fear death..
As a rule, men worry more about what they can’t see than about what they can.
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I came, I saw, I conquered.
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